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Uganda can be characterized as agriculture-based, that is agriculture is the back bone of the economy. Agriculture is dominated by smallholder farmers who occupy the majority of land and produce most of the crop and livestock products. The key long-standing challenge of the small holder farmers is low productivity stemming from the lack of information and knowledge on climate, lack of credit facility and technology which is causing low productivity, low income and low standard of living.
Climate change, resulting mostly from global warming has been among the major causes of reduced agricultural production and productivity in many parts of Africa including East Africa. In Uganda, most crops and livestock farming is rain-fed and therefore susceptible to weather fluctuations. If the sectors of farms like livestock, forestry and fishery are used sustainably, it would enhance the country’s capacity to realize its adaptation and resilience, necessary in fighting against climate change. The best way to achieve the sustainability and self-sufficiency status is practicing Climate Smart Agriculture.