Assessing Climate Change Adaptation Practice In Dairy Productivity And Profitability In Nyanza District, Rwanda
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Dairy farming is an integral part of the livestock production system in Rwanda. It is essential for rural development, poverty reduction and it plays a key role in achieving food and nutrition security. The study has documented the impact of climate change in dairy farming. Climate change impacts among other things make water and land to become more limited for fodder production; and causes temperatures rise, requiring changes to forage feeding systems and these situations could affect the productivity and profitability of dairy farming. The overall objective of this study was to assess the effect of climate change adaptation practices in dairy productivity and profitability of smallholder dairy farming in Nyanza district of Rwanda. The specific objectives were profiling climate change adaptation practices adopted by dairy farmers; assessing the level of productivity and profitability of dairy farmers and to identify the constraints experienced by dairy farmers in climate change adaptation practices. Focus was on the effects of the adaptation practices on the profitability and productivity of dairy farming.