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At this time Nepal is in 144th position on Human Development Index and nearly a quarter of the population is living below poverty line. Low developed economy, chronic poverty, food insecurity, and social exclusion remain major challenges for the country where around 80 percent of the population resides in the rural areas where subsistence agriculture and related activities are the prime sources of livelihood.
In response, the Government of Nepal and international cooperation agencies have committed to implement an Agriculture Development Strategy with the vision to advance in "a self-reliant, sustainable, competitive and inclusive agriculture sector that drives economic growth and contributes to improving livelihoods and food and nutrition security leading to food sovereignty". This in the context of the adoption of a new federal democratic constitution in 2015.